This first builder is short, but useful. It lists and describes
the twenty most essential nouns and verbs in Primal.
The Twenty Most Essential Nouns
||Object, thing, stuff, or noun. The "generic" noun.
||Affirmative, correct, or "yes".
||Negative, incorrect, or "no".
||Location or place.
||A person (a sapient being).
||The dimension of time.
||A twenty-four hour day (one day and one night).
||A select piece, part, or portion of something.
||Water, the stuff of life.
||A name, label, or identifier.
||Work. Stuff we do that requires effort.
||The concept of "number", for counting.
||The concept of "amount", for measuring.
||The concept of "quality", for comparison.
||The primary place where one sleeps and relaxes.
||The state of being "new" or "fresh".
||A complete word (not just a syllable).
||An animal; like a clam, a horse, or a human being.
||Fun, pleasure, or joy.
The Twenty Most Essential Verbs
The direct object of each verb is given in italics.
||To do or be something. The "generic" verb.
||To talk or say something.
||To write or print something (with words).
||To make or create. To bring something into
||To change, to become something.
||To look at or see something.
||To know about something (factual knowledge).
||To think something (cogitation).
||To enjoy or like something.
||To move oneself, or to move an object.1
||To move oneself in a particular manner.2
||To find, locate, or reach something sought.
||To remain, stay, or keep oneself in a certain manner.3
||To live, survive, or sustain oneself or something
||To use or operate something.
||To assist, aid, or help with something.5
||To claim or take possession of something.
||To put something into place.
||To give or send something.
||To sell something.
A few notes are necessary:
The verb pwx (poohsh,
"move-go") takes as its direct object the thing that is moved.
In absence of a direct object, oneself (the subject) is
sometimes assumed. This verb describes general motion from
one place to another place, and is the more common of the two
"move" verbs. Words like "come" and "go" are usually
expressed with pwx (poohsh,
"move-go"), using different prepositions to describe the source
and target of the motion. Primal words that appear to be
variations of pwx (poohsh,
"move-go"), like JET (jelts,
"approach"), often have unexpected meanings and should be
avoided when pwx (poohsh,
"move-go") will do.
The verb WP (wair,
"move-like") always assumes oneself (the subject) is the
object being moved. Its direct object is the style of
movement. This verb describes how something is moving
around, and is most often used to describe whether something is
running, walking, flying, crawling, or moving in some other way.
It is sometimes used to describe the act of "moving around" in a
more general sense.
The verb pZ (pii,
"remain") always assumes oneself (the subject) is the
object affected. Its direct object is the way that the
subject is staying the same, such as in location ("stay
The verb Xwx (zhoosh,
"sustain") takes as its direct object the thing that is being
sustained. In absence of a direct object, oneself
(the subject) is sometimes assumed. This verb refers
specifically to the maintenance of life or other vital processes
needed to keep the object functioning.
The verb kam (kam,
"help") takes the thing being helped with as a direct object.
The person or thing being helped is described using a
pw (pooh, "to-target") phrase.