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Common Words

This builder describes the most common words in Primal other than grammar words and those listed previously in Essential Words.  It also lists the most common noun phrases in Primal that are not obvious from the Basic Lessons.

This is a particularly long builder, unlike the previous one.  It is intended to give beginning speakers experience with all of the most common words in the language, including common constructions.

Additional Common Nouns

Here are twenty of the most common nouns in Primal, other than those listed in Essential Words.

Noun Pronunciation Meaning Description


(zair) organism

A life-form or organism; a thing that lives.


(pehth) female

A girl, woman, or female organism.


(lon) male

A boy, man, or male organism.


(noohn) age

How young or old something is.


(zeem) size

How big or small something is.


(vih) length

Length or depth; basic distance measure.


(kihsh) height

Height (measured in direction of gravity).


(hehkhh) order

Order, or the way things are ordered.


(sok) appearance

An outward appearance or veneer.


(zhuok) method

A manner, method, process, or way.


(viing) choice

A choice or decision.

fen (fehn) excuse A reason, explanation, or excuse.


(dthohw) fairness

Fairness or evenness.


(yul) altruism

Goodness, altruism, unconditional love.


(yeets) state

A condition, state of being, or status.


(yadz) commonality

How common or general something is.


(neeth) house

A building designed for living.


(khhohwz) world

A realm or world.


(shairp) life-course

The course of a life.

YEx (yelsh) enough Sufficiency; enough.

Additional Common Verbs

Here are twenty additional common verbs.  The direct object of each verb is given in italics.

Verb Pronunciation Meaning Description


(fairch) cause ^

To cause something to happen.


(shoohng) grow *

To make something expand, grow, or swell.


(shurch) look-like

To appear-like or look like something.


(nguosh) show *

To reveal or make something appear.


(keets) call-up ^

To call-up or page a message.


(sooh) feel-emotion

To feel an emotion.


(roohf) choose

To choose, decide, or select some option.


(nohln) intend

To intend or mean something.

,lC (lauw) control To control or manipulate something.
fVq (feerth) imagine Dream, imagine, or meditate on something.
kc (kuo) gain To acquire or gain something.
muq (muhth) fail To err, or fail to properly do something.
,lim (lihm) meet To meet or contact something else.
Rrk (rurk) harm To damage or harm something.
Tr (tsur) hear-about To hear something.
fy (fee) care-about To be concerned or care about something.
JSs (jars) avoid To avoid or dodge something.
fSq (farth) apologize ^ To apologize for something.
qw (thooh) thank ^ To give thanks for something.
Qix (dthihsh) greet ^ To greet or welcome for some reason.

The verbs marked with * generally imply "oneself" when the direct object is omitted.

The verbs marked with ^ use pw (pooh) phrases to express the person or entity the verb is directed toward.

Compound Prepositions

You can see a list of common compound prepositions in the advanced Prepositions II lesson.

Compound Relational Nouns

Here are fourteen compound nouns made from prepositions.  Most of these are obvious, but these in particular are included because they are very common in speech.

Compound Noun Pronunciation Meaning Description
nuxy (n'shee) indefinite above Up above; top side.
nuxyj (n'sheech) indefinite below Down below; bottom.


(n'wuh) indefinite left

Left side.

nuWuj (n'wuhch) indefinite right Right side.
Quhr (dth'hur) a before An earlier time.
Quhrj (dth'hurch) a after A later time.
nulw (n'looh) indefinite within The inside.
nulwj (n'loohch) indefinite surrounding The outside.
nupw (n'pooh) indefinite to-target Target; destination.
nupwj (n'poohch) indef. from-source Source; origin.
nuQw (n'dthooh) indefinite more-than The greater of.
nuQwj (n'dthooch) indefinite less-than The lesser of.
nuQC (n'dthauw) indefinite similar-to Similarity.
nuQCj (n'dthauwch) indef. different-than Difference; deviation.

Compound Measurement Nouns

Here are seventeen compound nouns used to describe measure.  Most of these are formed by using unary suffixes to qualify the degree of a measurement noun.  Their construction should be obvious, but these in particular are included because they are very common in speech.

Compound Noun

Pronunciation Meaning


vUTy (vul-tsee) number great Numerous; many.
vUHy (vul-khhee) number poor Not many; few.
nUTy (nul-tsee) amount great Much stuff; lots.
nUHy (nul-khhee) amount poor Not much stuff.
nwnTy (noohn-tsee) age great Aged or old.
nwnHy (noohn-khhee) age poor Young.
zymTy (zeem-tsee) size great Big; large.
zymHy (zeem-khhee) size poor Little; small.
viTy (vih-tsee) length great Lengthy or long.
viHy (vih-khhee) length poor Narrow; short in length.
kixTy (kihsh-tsee) height great Tall in height.
kixHy (kihsh-khhee) height poor Short in height.
nuxyTy (n'shee-tsee) indefinite above great High off the ground.
nuxyHy (n'shee-khhee) indefinite above poor Low to the ground.
nuQwJy (n'dthooh-jee) indefinite more-than maximal Most of all.
nuQwjJy (n'dthoohch-jee) indefinite less-than maximal Least of all.
nuQCJy (n'dthauw-jee) indefinite similar-to maximal Equality.

Compound Comparison Nouns

Here are ten common compound nouns also used to make comparisons.

Compound Noun

Pronunciation Meaning


nufr (n'fur) indefinite person Used similar to "one who does".
JuDu kw (j'dz'kooh) all-of thing two Both things.
nuqu (n'thuh) indefinite present The present time.
Juqe (j'theh) all-of time Always, at all times.
,luqe (l'theh) none-of time Never, at no time.
RuRi (r'rih) this near-to Right here; in this particular vicinity.
RuRij (r'rihch) this far-apart Over there; far off in a particular place.
Dr su heH (dzur s'hehkhh) * location containing order Position; place in order.
QuRw (dth'rooh) first The first position.
QuRwJw (dth'rooh-jooh) last The last position.

Note that the item marked * is a noun phrase, not a compound noun.  This means a preposition prefix may need to be inserted in context.

Question Phrases

These phrases are the basis for many common questions.  As these are phrases, a preposition prefix may need to be inserted in context.


Pronunciation Meaning


fr su kr (fur s'kur) person containing what Who; what person?
Du su kr (dz's'kur) thing containing what What thing?
Dr su kr (dzur s'kur) location containing what Where?
qe su kr (theh s'kur) time containing what When?
fen su kr (fehn s'kur) reason containing what Why; for what reason?
Xck su kr (zhuok s'kur) manner containing what How; in what manner?
vZN su kr (viing s'kur) choice containing what Which option?

Other Common Expressions

Here are a few common Primal expressions in other parts of speech, generally used to modify nouns.  For the phrases below, a preposition prefix may need to be inserted in context.


Part of Speech Pronunciation Meaning


su sok phrase [...] (s'sok) containing appearance Seeming; looking like.
su pZ phrase [...] (s'pii) containing [indefinite] remain Still; continued.
Tujy noun suffix ts'chee also however "Even", as in, "even including".

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